The Laboratory of Physical Chemistry and Chemical Processes (PCCP) of TUC is particularly active in conducting basic and applied research. Research and development projects conducted in the laboratory are funded by the European Union, the General Secretariat for Research and Technology, the Ministry of Education, the Region of Crete, local administration organizations or private businesses. All projects are centrally managed by the Research Committee of TUC. A substantial number of TUC undergraduate and postgraduate students are employed and trained in these projects; they benefit from the best possible training and they familiarize with current high-light aspects in chemistry/physical-chemistry, environmental chemistry and engineering, catalysis/electrocatalysis, sustainable energy, etc.
The focused research interests and the objectives of PCCP lab are to discover, elucidate, understand and exploit surface, catalytic, electrocatalytic and promotional phenomena over complex composites and nano-structured materials. It involves determination of the electronic structure of adsorbed and reacting surface species as a function of reaction variables, especially in relation to reactivity/selectivity and molecular mechanisms, heterogeneous catalysis, environmental catalysis and protection, fuel cells, biofuels and natural gas valorization, sustainable energy. Aspects and problems addressed in our projects, quite often have direct and immediate relevance to important technological applications.
Current research includes investigation of surface-induced and support-mediated promotional effects and their synergy in heterogeneous catalysis/electrocatalysis, De-NOx-N2O processes, emissions control systems, fuel cells science and technology, sustainable energy and energy saving.
Surface and catalytic phenomena are studied by advanced analytical and spectroscopic methods such as High Resolution Electron Microscopies (HREM), in situ Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (DRIFTS), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF), Temperature-Programmed Desorption or Reaction (TPD/TPR), Thermo-Gravimetric Analysis (TGA and DTA), Physi-Chemi-sorption, Solid Electrolyte Potentiometry (SEP), and other spectroscopic, analytical and electrochemical techniques.
In brief, the main research interests and activities of PCCP lab can be joined in the following subjects:
· Synthesis of novel enhanced catalytic/electrocatalytic properties nano-composite materials.
· Structure, morphology, physicochemical characterization and catalytic performance evaluation of novel materials under selected reactions relevance to important technological applications.
· Behaviour of surfaces and interfaces.
· Promotion and its origin in heterogeneous catalysis and electrocatalysis.
· Fuel Cells science and technology.
· Hydrogen energy, biofuels.
· Natural gas valorization.
· Environmental catalysis and pollution control.
· NEMCA effect and applications.
· Chemical and processes engineering.
Indicative Recent Research Projects
“Development and application of novel bi-metallic anodes for hydrocarbons-fuelled SOFCs”. (2006-2008). Funded: Greek Ministry for Development-GSRT. Budget: 65,000.00€.
“Catalysis: a vital significance tool for atmosphere upgrade and energy production”. (2007-2008). Funded: Greek Ministry for Development-GSRT. Budget: 187,636.00€.
“A novel process for the direct production of electricity and hydrogen during urban and high COD industrial wastewater treatment”. (2005-2009). Funded: Greek Ministry for Development-GSRT and EU. Budget: 114,000.00€.
“Development of novel extremely active, selective and cheaply-recycled catalytic converters for automotive emissions control”. (2005-2009). Funded: Greek Ministry for Development-GSRT and EU. Budget: 114,000.00€.
“Kinetic/electrokinetic behaviour and electrodic phenomena over novel electrocatalyst in SOFCs subjected to emissions control”. (2003-2008). Funded: Greek Ministry of Education. Budget: 35,690.00€.
“Hydrogen production via catalytic reforming of hydrocarbons and biomass”. (2007-2008). Funded: Research Committee of TUC. Budget: 5,000.00€.
“Novel fuel cells for electricity production from biogas, bioalcohols and heavy hydrocarbons”. (2008-2009). Funded: Research Committee of TUC. Budget: 10,000.00€.
“Effect of electropositive or electronegative promoters on the catalytic activity of Ir during NOx reduction”. (2007-2008). Funded: Research Committee of TUC. Budget: 5,000.00€.
PCCP Research Policy
Basic, technological or applied research that
- promotes science and growth
- respects academic ethics.
- Cooperation with International Organization and Institutions.